These books deal mostly with the flora
of northeastern North America.
Gray's Manual of Botany. Still one
of the great standard references for the flora of northeastern North
America. It has been through eight editions, of which seven are out of
copyright. The titles of the various editions vary, and no one of them seems
actually to be called Gray's Manual of
Botany, but that is the title by which botanists usually refer to
. Gray's New Manual of
Botany (Seventh Edition—Illustrated). A Handbook of the Flowering Plants
and Ferns of the Central and Northeastern United States and Adjacent
Canada. Rearranged and
Extensively Revised by Benjamin Lincoln Robinson and Merritt Lyndon
This is the edition best used for reference today.
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern
United States, Canada, and the British Possessions, by Nathaniel
Lord Britton and Hon. Addison Brown. —This is the other standard
reference for northeastern North America.
of the Flora of the Northern States and Canada, by
Nathaniel Lord Britton. Third edition, 1907. Based on Britton and Brown's Illustrated Flora.
Brief Flora of the Eastern United States. By W. Nevin Geddes,
A.M., Ph.D., 1903. Bound with E. F. Andrews' Botany
All the Year Round.
Flora Atlantica. Descriptive
Botany; Being a Succinct Analytical Flora, including all the plants growing
in the United States from the Atlantic coast to the Mississippi River. By
Alphonso Wood, A.M., 1879.
American Botanist and Florist: Including Lessons in the
Structure, Life, and Growth of Plants; Together with a Simple Analytical
Flora, descriptive of the native and cultivated plants growing in the
Atlantic division of the American Union. By Alphonso Wood, A.M., 1873.
(Useful for its descriptions of plants commonly cultivated in 1873.)
The North American Sylva, or a Description of the Forest Trees of the
United States, Canada and Nova Scotia, considered particularly with respect
to their use in the Arts, and their introduction into Commerce; to which is
added a description of the most useful of the European forest trees.
Illustrated by 156 coloured engravings. Translated from the French of F.
Andrew Michaux, member of the American Philosophical Society of
Philadelphia, &c., &c. Paris: C. D'Hautel, 1818-1819. —Gorgeous
colored engravings, generally well scanned.
Towards a Hortus Botanicus Americanus; or, Coloured Plates (with
a catalogue and concise and familiar descriptions of many species) of new
and valuable plants of the West Indies and North and South America. Also of
several others, natives of Africa and the East Indies: arranged after the
Linnaean System. With a concise and comprehensive glossary of terms,
prefixed, and a general index. By W. J. Titford, M. D. London: Printed for
the author, 1811. —The engraved ornamental title page leaves out "Sketches
Towards a," and gives the place and date of publication as "New York 1810."
It is followed by the standard boilerplate American copyright notice of the
period ("Be it remembered..."). Many fine colored engravings; the scans are
Pittsburgh and Pennsylvania
of Pennsylvania, by Thomas Conrad Porter, D.D., Ll.D., 1903.
Trees. By Joseph S. Illick, 1919.
Preliminary List of the Vascular Flora of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania,
by John A. Shafer, Ph.G., 1901.
List of the Vascular Flora of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania.
By L. K. Henry and W. E. Buker. In Trillia: Proceedings of the Botanical
Society of Western Pennsylvania. This is an updated (published 1951) and
expanded version of Shafer’s list above.
of the Flora of Philadelphia and Vicinity. By Ida A. Keller
and Stewardson Brown, 1905.