The Age of Exploration.

The Northmen, Columbus and Cabot. The Voyages of the Northmen edited by Julius R. Olson. The Voyages of Columbus and of Cabot edited by Edward Gaylord Bourne. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1906. —The primary original sources for their voyages of discovery.

The Discovery of America by the Northmen in the Tenth Century. Comprising translations of all the most important original narratives of this event; together with a critical examination of their authenticity; to which is added, an examination of the comparative merits of the Northmen and Columbus. By Joshua Toulmin Smith. London: William S. Orr & Co., 1842.

Asahel Davis’ famous lecture. The former Chaplain of the Senate seems to have made a career out of this one lecture, which appears to have been fantastically popular, and was printed in edition after edition. It is hard to tell whether editions in places like Troy and Buffalo were authorized or merely opportunistic; it is quite possible that Mr. Davis himself had them printed as he took his lecture on the road.

A Lecture on the Discovery of America by the Northmen Five Hundred Years Before Columbus, delivered in New-York and in the Other Cities of the State. Also in some of the first seminaries. By A. Davis. Third edition. New-York: Samuel Coleman, 1839.
Fourth edition, with additions, 1839.
Fifth edition, with improvements, 1840.

Discovery of New-England by the Northmen Five Hundred Years Before Columbus, with an introduction on the antiquities of America and on the first inhabitants of Central America. With Important Additions. A lecture, delivered in New York, Washington, Boston, and other cities. Also in some of the first literary institutions of the Union. By A. Davis. Twelfth Edition. Boston: Dutton and Wentworth’s Print, 1844.
Thirteenth edition, from twelfth Boston edition. Troy, N. Y.: N. Tuttle, 1845.
Sixteenth edition, from the twelfth Boston edition. Buffalo: Clapp & M’Credie’s Power Press, 1846.

Antiquities of America, the First Inhabitants of Central America, and the Discovery of New-England, by the Northmen, Five Hundred Years Before Columbus. Lectures delivered in New-York, Washington, Boston, and other cities. The first has been given eighteen times in the most distinguished Institutions of New-York and Brooklyn the past year. By A. Davis. 19th edition, with important additions. New-York: Daniel Adee, 1847.

The Voyages of the Venetian Brothers, Niccolò & Antonio Zeno, to the Northern Seas, in the XIVth Century, comprising the last known accounts of the lost colony of Greenland; and of the Northmen in America before Columbus. Translated and edited, with notes and an introduction, by Richard Henry Major, F.S.A., &c. New York: Burt Franklin, [no date.] “Originally published by the Hakluyt Society [in 1873]—reprinted by permission.” —This account is commonly regarded as either a fraud or a muddle, but here it is; you may form your own judgment.


The Spanish Letter of Columbus to Luis de Sant’ Angel, Escribo de Racion of the Kingdom of Aragon. Repreinted in facsimile, and translated from the unique copy of the original edition (printed by Johann Rosenbach at Barcelona early in April 1493). Lately in the possession of Bernard Quaritch, London, 15 Piccadilly, 1893.

The Latin Letter of Columbus printed in 1493 and announcing the discovery of America. Reproduced in facsimile, with a preface. London: Bernard Quaritch, 1893.